Part 1: PLTs must have common assignments and common assessments
Part 3: Analyzing the data reports (coming soon)
PLTs are in
Most schools seem to be moving toward the PLT--Professional Learning Team--model where, for example, all of the Sophomore English teachers would meet regularly, plan team goals, share resources and exercises, and hopefully develop a few common assignments and assessments.
However, I've been in schools that still operated with each teacher as his or her own island. In this sort of environment the PLT concept will likely be met with significant resistance. There will always be the I've-been-doing-it-my-way-for-35-years holdouts but even the most progressive-thinking teachers will worry about the constricting nature of making their classes more uniform and perhaps less unique.
On the flip side, I've been in schools that had weak or ineffective PLTs, despite significant administrator emphasis on them. Simply meeting every other week is not enough. We would talk about what each of us were doing, but there'd be no central focus or plan. It has to be more than just check-in-and-share time.
Sadly, teacher prep programs aren't taking a lead on this. I'm disappointed that my M.Ed. program didn't train us to collaborate with our peers. PLTs weren't even mentioned once during my two year program. We're supposed to be the new guard, the fresh blood bringing a modern approach to education. But too many Schools of Education are themselves stuck in old-guard or outdated modes of thinking and practices.
So I feel like I have a pretty strong grasp of many of the challenges and pitfalls when it comes to PLTs. And it's no surprise that transitioning to a team approach can often be a difficult process when a culture of collaboration or direct experience with PLTs is lacking. But as you'll see in part two, there is hope. Incremental change and increased coordination is possible and can be facilitated by some 21st-century technology.
Coordination is king
A PLT has to have a set of common goals for their class sections. If a PLT doesn't have a common vision for student outcomes, you don't really have a PLT; you just have a bunch of individual teachers sitting in the same room. Common goals matter. My Sophomore English students have to be just as prepared to enter their Junior English class as the students from any other Sophomore English section. And the Junior English teachers should have a reliable set of expectations for what they'll get from their incoming juniors each year.
But just setting common goals isn't enough. We need to know if those goals are being met. Did our sophomores really get to where we wanted to get them? And how did my specific crop of sophomores do vis-à-vis the rest of the PLT's students? Did my kids see particular gains or struggles versus their peers? This isn't about outing a bad teacher or competing against my teammates. It's about being able to identify what is and is not working in my class and across all of our classes.
Sure, we can rely on some standardized fill-in-the-bubble test that costs the school a couple thousand dollars to administer a few times each year, but no standardized test will ever really assess the full range of skills and knowledge we want to cultivate in our students in each of our PLTs. They're our PLT goals and we need a vision for what success looks like. It's up to us to figure out whether or not our students have achieved those goals.
Common assignments, common assessments
The most straightforward way to assess a PLT's goals is to develop common assignments with common assessments. "Common" here means that all teachers on the team would have their students complete the same assignment and assess them in the same manner across the PLT.
The team can then review the results and take an honest look at where teachers are succeeding and where they're struggling and where the PLT as a whole can improve.
I know this can sound a bit scary and threatening - "Ack! What if my kids do worse than everyone else's?!" But true teaching professionals will understand that this is an opportunity to learn and grow; if you find that your students are struggling with thesis while the other PLT teachers' students are flourishing, you can engage your teammates to find out what they're doing with thesis that's yielding more success. Or maybe you'll find that everyone's kids are producing awful theses, which means the PLT as a whole needs to put their heads together to adjust the curriculum and address that weakness.
This is how teachers improve. This is how curriculum evolves to meet students where they're at.
That shouldn't sound threatening. That should sound exciting, efficient, smart.
But common assessments stink!
I'll be honest: I always hated common assessments. My gripe was that because it's inherently a group effort, the end result is this alien, distant voice that is presented to the students. I put in a lot of effort to be informal and use accessible teenage-speak whenever possible. Instead of asking students to "Evaluate Prospero's underlying motives and assess the moral dimension of his actions in Act I," I would instead simply ask, "What's the deal with Prospero? Is the guy just a big jerk?"
But my style doesn't suit everyone on my PLT, and fair enough; that's not their personality. Unfortunately the alternative is generally something jarringly different from what the students are used to getting from me; the common assessment feels separate from the class that I've created instead of an integral part of it.
So I totally get the importance of common assignments and common assessments, but I hate them.
So now we get to the good stuff. Continue on to part two where we'll show how you can use EssayTagger to bring about more PLT coordination through common assessment but without sacrificing your voice and uniqueness.